Monday, September 21, 2015

The Differences in Bronze: Statuary vs. Architectural vs. Commercial

Although usually composed of copper and tin, bronze encompasses many different copper alloys. Other elements, such as phosphorus, manganese, aluminum, or silicon, can be used as additives or replacements to the metal, creating various proportion and elemental compositions.

What’s known as "true" bronze is a combination of approximately 90% copper and 10% tin. However, the implementation of the other additives has created other types of the metal for different uses and purposes.

There are three major classes or types of "bronzes" used in sculpture and construction. They are: “statuary bronze,” “architectural bronze” and “commercial bronze.”


Statuary Bronze

Statuary Bronze, which is used predominantly in outdoor sculpture, is approximately 97 percent copper, two percent tin and one percent zinc. This composition is the closest to "true" bronze, as it only deviates from the composition by 1 percent.

Statuary bronze has limitless forms because it has incredible weldability and can be cast in any shape necessary. Most commonly, you can find statuary bronze in the forms of human figures, landscapes, battle scenes, animals, weapons and decorative elements such as plaques. The great civilizations of the old world worked in bronze for art, from the time of the introduction of the alloy for edged weapons. The Greeks were the first to scale the figures up to life size. Few examples exist in good condition; one is the seawater-preserved bronze now called "The Victorious Youth," The sculpture was found in the summer of 1964 in the sea off the coast of Italy, snagged in the nets of an Italian fishing trawler. It is believed to have been made between 300 and 100 BCE,

Which required painstaking efforts to bring the sculpture it to its present state for museum display. Far more Roman bronze statues have survived.

A more recent example is “The Little Mermaid” in Copenhagen, Denmark commissioned in 1909. Although it has been damaged and defaced over the years, the bronze has held up due to Bronzes’ strength and ductility.


Architectural Bronze

Architectural bronze, which is actually more of a "leaded brass," is generally composed of approximately 57 percent copper, 40 percent zinc and three percent lead. You can find architectural bronze in the frames and hardware of doors and windows, as well as standard household items like mailboxes, railings, chutes and furniture. A wide variety of copper alloys are available for use in construction. The variations in color stem primarily from differences in chemical composition.  In general, most copper alloys eventually weather to the gray-green patina. There are, however, significant variations in their natural colors and in the rate at which they form a patina.

A beautiful example of Bronze used in architectural design is depicted in the image to the right: 



Commercial Bronze


Commercial Bronze is composed of approximately 90 percent copper and 10 percent zinc. Commercial bronze is stronger than regular copper and has equivalent ductility. Not to mistake the title Commercial Bronze with C22000 “Commercial Bronze” – this group of Bronzes is commercially used in just about every industry.  These bronzes make up the Wearplates, Scews, castings, valves, and whole host of other applications.  The most common application for this group is “Bearings & Bushings”.  While it is easily machined, the bronze alloy is hard, strong and resistant to wear.

Below is an image of a Bronze Valve that is used for Commercial applications. Typical services include; hot and cold water, HVAC, steam, compressed air, gas and other general utility services.



41 comments:

  1. Thank you Cozy for the efcient recommendation for HVAC, we are really happy about our decisions and we got a great deal on commercial HVAC Toronto.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks for sharing the post.. parents are worlds best person in each lives of individual..they need or must succeed to sustain needs of the family. http://r-d1.info

    ReplyDelete
  3. When I found out I had to move, the first decision that I needed to make was the moving company that I would use. My friends and family had recommended TSC to me and when I read their reviews online, I wasnt surprised. They are definitely the best in the business out there. Their movers are all professional movers who are well trained and experienced. They also offer a storage facility which made it convenient for us since we had to move into storage for a month. Their moving and storage rates are both reasonable. I would highly suggest them to anyone who is moving and is looking for movers. Dont think and just chose them.” commercial HVAC Toronto

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thank you for taking the time to publish this information very useful! a fantastic read

    ReplyDelete
  5. Superlative style of composing that each new blogger tries to have.
    Heating engineer London

    ReplyDelete
  6. thanks for the tips and information..i really appreciate it..
    Warrendale plumber

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thank you Cozy for the efcient recommendation for HVAC, we are really happy about our decisions and we got a great deal on commercial HVAC Toronto.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Starting with Romanesque engineering, structure was characterized in solid, basic, monstrous structures graduating into the ribs and docks of the eleventh century and on to the ideal type of thirteenth century Gothic design. Paul Marciano

    ReplyDelete
  9. Fantastic articles is post by you in this blog. You give a nice thing. Thank you for such a nice article. Every word on this blog helps me to give detail to me.
    mitsubishi ac prices in sharjah

    ReplyDelete
  10. We had Cozy redesign and installed the new gas fireplace in our new home in Toronto, we are extremely happy and our living rooms looks modern and awesome, highly recommended to installing new commercial HVAC Toronto and the GTA

    ReplyDelete
  11. You should service any commercial gas appliance in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the manufacturer.  commercial boiler service near me

    ReplyDelete
  12. You’ve got some interesting points in this article. I would have never considered any of these if I didn’t come across this. Thanks!. did electrical galway

    ReplyDelete
  13. While there are lots of small aspects of looking for a good residential construction company, the important thing is to try and find one whose goal is building you the house you want, not getting the job finished and getting paid. Nelson Lumber Construction First of all, you must look for a company in the list of the construction companies which are being approved by the government and are registered.

    ReplyDelete
  14. ?m impressed, I must say. Really rarely do I encounter a blog that?s both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. Your idea is outstanding; the issue is something that not enough people are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I stumbled across this in my search for something relating to this.Get Best Flame-resistant fabric from Daletec.com in all over the world.

    ReplyDelete
  15. There are a handful of intriguing points with time in this post but I don’t know if I see them all center to heart. There’s some validity but I am going to take hold opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and now we want more! Put into FeedBurner also importir aluminium

    ReplyDelete
  16. Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. we will always appreciate all you have done here because I know you are very concerned with our. COMMERCIAL APPLIANCE REPAIR in Oceanside, California

    ReplyDelete
  17. You made such an interesting piece to read, giving every subject enlightenment for us to gain knowledge. Thanks for sharing the such information with us to read this... COMMERCIAL APPLIANCE REPAIR in Oceanside, California

    ReplyDelete
  18. Read reviews and check and see how the commercial kitchen appliances you are considering rate with others. If you know someone who has purchased these specific appliances in the past, it is also a good idea to inquire with them too.FREEZER REPAIR in Fontana

    ReplyDelete
  19. Thanks for your post. I’ve been thinking about writing a very comparable post over the last couple of weeks, I’ll probably keep it short and sweet and link to this instead if thats cool. Thanks. COMMERCIAL APPLIANCE REPAIR IN TORRANCE

    ReplyDelete
  20. Thank you for some other informative website. The place else may just I get that kind of information written in such a perfect method? I have a venture that I am simply now running on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such info. COMMERCIAL APPLIANCE REPAIR IN TORRANCE

    ReplyDelete
  21. I found your this post while searching for some related information on blog search...Its a good post..keep posting and update the information. SubZero, Viking, Liebherr, Marvel, Thermador Refrigerator Repair in Los Angeles

    ReplyDelete
  22. I am glad to discover this post Very valuable for me, as it contains parcel of data. I Always like to peruse The Quality and happy I discovered this thing in you post. Much appreciated CBD

    ReplyDelete
  23. Ask about a written estimate; service call charge; fees; or a combination of written estimate with final bill? los angeles appliance repair pros

    ReplyDelete
  24. That is truly decent to listen. much obliged to you for the upgrade and good fortunes. https://thetigwelder.com/best-tig-welder-for-home-use/

    ReplyDelete
  25. web marketing would be the next trend in advertising. there are millions of potential costumers on the internet;; asbestos removal toronto

    ReplyDelete
  26. This is a wonderful article, Given so much info in it, These type of articles keeps the users interest in the website, and keep on sharing more ... good luck. הדפסת תמונות על חולצות

    ReplyDelete
  27. Such a informative article and i also write about construction strategies and it planning and many more stuff you can also read them from my blog.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Admiring the time and effort you put into your blog and detailed information you offer!.. Custom Garage Floor

    ReplyDelete
  29. 3D architectural rendering brings new designs to virtual life, allowing you to see everything in its glory as though it was already built. A renewed interest in humanistic architecture has significantly enhanced the value of architectural rendering as a means of linking concept to reality. 14 Architectural Photos That Will Make You Look At Buildings Differently

    ReplyDelete
  30. If they are outdated, or if they are in poor working conditions, then avoid taking services of contractor because it may increase the chance of future troubles for your paving project. Paving Colorado Springs CO

    ReplyDelete
  31. I found your this post while searching for information about blog-related research ... It's a good post .. keep posting and updating information. 10 free instagram likes instantly

    ReplyDelete
  32. MENAGE COMMERCIAL Top-Ménage offre une gamme complète de services d'entretien ménager résidentiel et commercial. Service de première qualité garantie. Prix compétitifs.

    ReplyDelete
  33. these triple beds could be very beneficial to hotels since it could accommodate more than the usual beds. triple bunk bed

    ReplyDelete
  34. Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. we will always appreciate all you have done here because I know you are very concerned with our. healthcare interior design

    ReplyDelete
  35. I recently found many useful information in your website especially this blog page. Among the lots of comments on your articles. Thanks for sharing. Industrial Door Sales

    ReplyDelete
  36. hi was just seeing if you minded a comment. i like your website and the thme you picked is super. I will be back. disinfection services

    ReplyDelete
  37. I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this.. Commercial Contractors in Toronto

    ReplyDelete
  38. Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love learning more on this topic. commercial steel doors

    ReplyDelete
  39. I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. commercial doors

    ReplyDelete